Based on our perfect knowledge of growing conditions in arid and semi-arid areas and on different field trials conducted over the years, we have selected varieties which are perfectly adapted to the technical and economical needs of farmers. Click here for details.
This paper reports on the outcomes and presents an impact assessment of two joint ACIAR-CSIRO-KARI projects which were both entitled 'The improvement of dry land agriculture in the African semi-arid tropics' and whose aim was to find effective management responses and affordable technological innovations as solutions to some of the problem of dryland farming in the semi-arid tropics. Click here for details.
Livelihood strategies for most men and women in the State are based on agriculture. Farming is characterized by a variety of crop and livestock-based production systems. Crops are mainly grown for home consumption, and for local markets. In the south, maize sorghum, and cowpea and, to a lesser extent, rice and soybean are major crops. In the north, maize is replaced by sorghum and millet, with the latter increasing towards the drier Sahel ecologies. Click here for details.
For the purpose of this analysis, 15 broad farming systems have been identified (see Map)9. The main characteristics of the major farming systems, including the land area and agricultural population as a proportion of regional totals, principal livelihoods and the prevalence of poverty, are shown in Table 2.1. The Urban Based Farming System is not mapped. A brief description of each farming system appears in the following paragraphs, and five are analysed in greater depth in subsequent sections.
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Rockefeller Foundation will initially invest US$150 million in a programme to improve seed varieties in areas with harsh environmental conditions, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Click here for details.
As the driest country in sub-Saharan Africa, the desert country of Namibia receives only low and erratic rainfall. And yet 70 percent of the population depends on agriculture. The majority of farmers are involved in livestock farming and dryland crop production, although irrigation schemes allow some production of high value crops for export. Click here for details.
The goal of conservation agriculture is to maintain and improve crop yields and resilience against drought and other hazards, while at the same time protecting and stimulating the biological functioning of the soil. click here for details.